Which is One Difference Between Maori and Haida Creation Myths

Indigenous faith in Canada and Alaska

The Haida are one of the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast of North America. Their national territories prevarication along the west coast of Canada and include parts of south east Alaska.
Haida mythology
is an indigenous religion that can be described equally a nature religion, drawing on the natural world, seasonal patterns, events and objects for questions that the Haida pantheon provides explanations for. Haida mythology is also considered animistic for the breadth of the Haida pantheon in imbuing daily events with

Sǥā’na qeda’due south
.

There are innumerable Haida supernatural beings, or

Sǥā’na qeda’due south
, including prominent animal crests, wind directions, and legendary ancestors.[1]
John R. Swanton, while documenting Haida beliefs as part of the Jesup Due north Pacific Expedition recorded that the highest beingness in all Haida mythology and the one who gave power to the

Sǥā’na qeda’s

was

Sîns sǥā’naǥwa-i
, translated every bit ‘Power-of-the-Shining-Heavens’. Some have the power to transform betwixt animal and human being forms while others exercise not. In the art creatures tin can sometimes exist found with anthropomorphic features, peculiarly man faces, inside or every bit role of their bodies denoting this transformative ability.

Raven

[edit]

Within Haida mythology, Raven is a central character, as he is for many of the Indigenous peoples of the Americas;
see Raven Tales. While frequently described as a “trickster”, Haidas believe Raven, or

Yáahl

[two]
to be a complex reflection of 1’s own self. Raven can exist a magician, a transformer, a potent creative strength, ravenous debaucher simply always a cultural hero. He is responsible for creating Haida Gwaii, releasing the lord’s day from its tiny box and making the stars and the moon. In one story he released the start humans from a crinkle shell on the beach; in another story, he brought the offset humans upwardly out of the footing considering he needed to make full up a party he was throwing. Raven stories on one level teach listeners how to live a good life, but usually by counterexample. Raven has been described as the greediest, virtually lecherous and mischievous creature known to the Haida, just at the aforementioned time Raven often helps humans in our encounters with other supernatural beings. Raven caused such things as freshwater, salmon and the house for humans. Robert Bringhurst has noted that Raven never really creates anything; he made the earth by stealing, exchanging, redistributing, and generally moving things effectually.

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Other figures

[edit]


Ta’xet

and

Tia

are death gods among the Haida.

Ta’xet

rules fierce death, while

Tia

rules peaceful death.

Dzalarhons
, a woman associated with frogs and volcanoes, and her husband,

Kaiti

(behave god), arrived at the homeland of the Haida from the Pacific Ocean along with six canoes full of people.

Gyhldeptis

is a kindly forest goddess.

Lagua

is an invisible spirit who helped the Haida discover the uses of atomic number 26. Shamans could speak with

Lagua
‘due south voice by clenching their teeth.[
citation needed
]

Some of the mythology has been collected by poet Anne Cameron, who created interpretations for adults and children. Epic versions of the mythology past 19th century Haida storyteller-poets Skaay and Ghandl have been translated by Robert Bringhurst, whose
Story as Abrupt as a Knife, a collection of their works, won the Governor General’s Honor. His translations, though, are controversial in Haida circles and some have charged him with cultural appropriation.[
citation needed
]

Contemporary Artwork

[edit]

Robert Davidson has incorporated

Xe-ū’
, Southeast Air current, in a diverseness of media including a 2002 serigraph print,[three]
as the solitary being in a 2010 totem pole,[4]
and as the chief beingness on a 2015 cedar panel.[5]
Every bit recently as 2019 Davidson released a serigraph print titled
Supernatural Beings
showing five unnamed

Sǥā’na qeda’s

inscribed within a Chilkat robe.[6]

In 2019, Terri-Lynn Williams-Davidson, alongside her stepdaughter Sara Florence Davidson, published a children’s volume titled
Magical Beings of Haida Gwaii
which features 10 supernatural beings of ancient Haida storytelling and presents them in a visual medium that engages children and teaches them empowering and meaningful examples of living in remainder with nature.[vii]
[eight]

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See also

[edit]

  • Alaska Native organized religion

References

[edit]


  1. ^


    Swanton, John R. (1905).
    Contributions to the Ethnology of the Haida. New York: American Museum of Natural History. pp. 13–22.



  2. ^


    Lawrence, Erma (1974). “Yáahl (Xaadas Gyaahláang)”. Social club for the Preservation of Haida Language and Literature.


  3. ^


    Davidson, Robert. “serigraphs”.


  4. ^


    Davidson, Robert. “Totem Poles”. Retrieved
    22 July
    2020
    .



  5. ^


    “Panels of the Northwest Coast”. Douglas Reynolds Gallery. 8 September 2019. Retrieved
    22 July
    2020
    .



  6. ^


    “supernatural people”. Coastal Peoples. 27 September 2019. Retrieved
    22 July
    2020
    .



  7. ^


    Williams-Davidson, Terri-Lynn. “Magical Beings of Haida Gwaii”. Retrieved
    March xvi,
    2020
    .



  8. ^


    “B.C.: fifteen bestselling books for the week of March 21”.
    Vancouver Sun
    . Retrieved
    May 1,
    2020
    .


External links

[edit]

  • Native Languages of the Americas: Haida Indian Legends,
    native-languages.org



Which is One Difference Between Maori and Haida Creation Myths

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haida_mythology

Originally posted 2022-08-03 19:56:12.

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