Which Action is Most Closely Associated With the Anti-federalists Goals

Which Action is Most Closely Associated With the Anti-federalists Goals.

16b. Antifederalists

Patrick Henry

Patrick Henry delivers his famous “If this be treason, make the most of it!” speech to the Virginia House of Burgesses.

The
Antifederalists
were a diverse coalition of people who opposed ratification of the Constitution. Although less well organized than the Federalists, they also had an impressive group of leaders who were specially prominent in state politics.

Ranging from political elites similar
James Winthrop
in Massachusetts to
Melancton Smith
of New York and Patrick Henry and George Stonemason of Virginia, these Antifederalist were joined past a big number of ordinary Americans particularly yeomen farmers who predominated in rural America. The one overriding social feature of the Antifederalists as a group was their strength in newer settled western regions of the state.

George Mason

On August 31, 1787, George Mason alleged he would “rather chop off my right hand than put it to the Constitution as it now stands.”

In spite of the diversity that characterized the Antifederalist opposition, they did share a core view of American politics. They believed that the greatest threat to the futurity of the United states of america lay in the government’south potential to become decadent and seize more than and more power until its tyrannical rule completely dominated the people. Having just succeeded in rejecting what they saw as the
tyranny
of British power, such threats were seen as a very existent function of political life.

To Antifederalists the proposed Constitution threatened to lead the United States down an all-too-familiar road of political
corruption. All three branches of the new central regime threatened Antifederalists’ traditional belief in the importance of restraining regime power.

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The President’due south vast new powers, especially a veto that could overturn decisions of the people’s representatives in the legislature, were especially disturbing. The court organisation of the national government appeared probable to encroach on local courts. Meanwhile, the proposed lower firm of the legislature would accept and so few members that only elites were likely to be elected. Furthermore, they would represent people from such a large surface area that they couldn’t really know their ain constituents. The l-five members of the proposed national House of Representatives was quite a bit smaller than almost state legislatures in the period. Since the new legislature was to take increased fiscal authorisation, especially the right to raise taxes, the Antifederalists feared that before long Congress would laissez passer oppressive taxes that they would enforce by creating a continuing national ground forces.

Preamble to the Constitution

The preamble of the United States Constitution: Most of the world’s democracies have based their constitutions on this document.

This range of objections boiled down to a central opposition to the sweeping new powers of the proposed central authorities. George Mason, a delegate to the Philadelphia Convention who refused to support the Constitution, explained, the plan was “totally subversive of every principle which has hitherto governed us. This ability is calculated to annihilate totally the country governments.” The ascent of national power at the expense of country ability was a common feature of Antifederalist opposition.

historic documents, declaration, constitution, more

The most powerful objection raised by the Antifederalists, however, hinged on the lack of protection for
individual liberties
in the Constitution. Virtually of the state constitutions of the era had built on the Virginia model that included an explicit protection of individual rights that could non be intruded upon by the state. This was seen as a key safeguard of people’south rights and was considered a major Revolutionary improvement over the unwritten protections of the British constitution.

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Why, so, had the delegates to the Philadelphia Convention not included a bill of rights in their proposed Constitution? Most Antifederalists idea that such protections were not granted because the Federalists represented a sinister movement to roll back the gains made for ordinary people during the Revolution.

The Antifederalists and Federalists agreed on ane thing: the future of the nation was at pale in the contest over the Constitution.

Which Action is Most Closely Associated With the Anti-federalists Goals

Source: https://www.ushistory.org/us/16b.asp

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