Prostate health awareness has increased in recent years, and for a practiced reason. Prostate cancer is the number one cancer diagnosis for men and a leading cause of cancer expiry in men worldwide. When cancer develops in the tissue of this modest gland institute only in males, one of the possible treatment options is surgical removal of the prostate via a procedure known as a prostatectomy. Even so, if y’all are diagnosed with prostate cancer, information technology is essential to weigh your treatment options carefully. Read on to acquire well-nigh side effects of removing the prostate.
The prostate produces seminal fluid, and its removal can cause fertility issues. In addition, as the gland surrounds the urethra, it helps control urination. While the side effects can be daunting, prostate removal is strongly recommended in some cases.
At that place are two common reasons to remove a prostate gland. The first is to care for prostate cancer. Effectually x to fifteen cases of prostate cancer are ambitious and can spread to other parts of the body if non treated quickly. Y’all may opt to remove the cancer to reduce its chances of spreading, while others desire to avoid radiation; both can be reasons for surgery.
Some other reason to remove the prostate is if you develop benign growths on the prostate, called benign prostatic hyperplasia. These can cause the prostate to swell and make urination difficult. However, surgery is only required in the most severe cases when minimally invasive procedures have failed.
What Is a Prostatectomy?
A prostatectomy refers to the medical procedure in which all or function of the prostate gland is removed. Depending on your need for surgery, the gland may be removed entirely or reduced in size.
A radical prostatectomy refers to removing the entire gland, attached seminal vesicles, and sometimes surrounding lymph nodes. This is often performed if you take local, aggressive prostate cancer. The surgeon may remove pieces of the prostate or obstructions in other cases. This blazon of surgery is a simple prostatectomy often offered to people with an enlarged prostate.
In that location are different procedures for removing all or part of the gland, including laparoscopy, robotic surgery, or open surgery via an incision.
Side Effects of Removing the Prostate
While it is nifty to be cancer-free, a prostatectomy is non without risks or side effects. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra and sits close to the muscles responsible for starting and stopping urination. Nerves in the area that control erections are also susceptible to damage.
The most common side effects of removing the prostate are:
- Urinary incontinence
- Sexual dysfunction
- Fertility issues
- Altered bowel function
The prostate surrounds the urethra. When the surgeon removes the prostate, they reconnect the urethra to the float. A sphincter or opening at the base of the bladder can be prone to damage during surgery. Equally a consequence, yous may feel leaking and difficulty urinating post-surgery. Fortunately, with fourth dimension and muscle preparation, this tin improve.
You are required to use a catheter for near one week later surgery, which your doctor will remove. You can restart normal activities can about i month later surgery. Notwithstanding, urinary incontinence may persist beyond this time.
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the about common post-procedural side result; about four in ten people experience ED subsequently a prostatectomy. The delicate nerves and claret vessels that control the physical aspects of an erection can lose functionality with even the slightest trauma. However, a skilled surgeon and healing period can allow people without nerve damage to render to normal role within one to 2 years.
Fertility issues are another pregnant side effect of prostatectomy. As the seminal vesicles are removed along with the prostate, the semen that carries the sperm tin no longer go out the body. Without ejaculation, conception cannot occur naturally.
Altered Bowel Part
Bowel incontinence and reduced bowel function are not common side effects of removing the prostate. Only nigh 1% of people report this symptom following surgery.
Life After Prostate Removal
Research has establish that a prostatectomy results in life expectancy often exceeding 10 years for those with cancer. Such a favorable outcome can significantly motivate people with cancer to have their prostate removed.
However, life after a prostatectomy may exist dissimilar from how it was before. For at least the starting time six months post-surgery, most people face urinary incontinence and may cull to article of clothing a thin pad. In improver, although nerve impairment is dependent on many factors, erectile dysfunction is also common. Several treatments are bachelor for these conditions, including strengthening exercises for the float and pelvic muscles and oral medications or injections for ED.
Nevertheless, the emotional stress of a prostatectomy tin accept its toll. People may experience a lowered libido and depressed mood. This is especially the case if hormone therapy has preceded surgery. The gravity of a cancer diagnosis alone tin exist traumatic.
Consider Your Options
Whether you’re worried about the emotional affect or the concrete side effects of prostate removal, information technology is essential to weigh your options advisedly. Your urologist can help yous consider the advantages and disadvantages and detail your treatment options. While there are treatments bachelor to gainsay some of the side effects of a prostatectomy, consider the bear upon this procedure will accept on your quality of life and the alternatives to surgery.
- “Prostatectomy: What to Expect During Surgery and Recovery” via Johns Hopkins Medicine
- “Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)” via Johns Hopkins Medicine
- “Prostate Cancer” via – StatPearls
- “Life After Prostate Cancer Treatment” via Urology Care Foundation
- “The prostate cancer predicament” via Harvard Th Chan Schoolhouse of Public Wellness
- “Surgery for Prostate Cancer” via American Cancer Guild
- “Surgery Side Furnishings” via Prostate Cancer Foundation
- “Survival subsequently radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy for prostate cancer: a population-based study” via Canadian Urological Clan Periodical
- “What Is A Radical Prostatectomy (Surgery)?” via Prostate Cancer Foundation
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