How Did the Song Dynasty Compare to the Tang Dynasty

How Did the Song Dynasty Compare to the Tang Dynasty

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The Tang dynasty ruled China from 618 to 907 and the Song dynasty from 960 to 1279. Chinese verse, painting, calligraphy and other art forms all achieved great heights during the reign of these dynasties, but in many ways the two eras were very unlike. The Tang was a militarily powerful empire focused on Central Asia, while the Song was a relatively weak nation based in southern China.

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Tang and Song

At the height of its power, the Tang dynasty claimed authority over ane out of every 4 people on the planet. Two million people lived in the Tang capitol of Chang’an, including immigrants from well-nigh every nation along the famous Silk Road that linked trading routes across Europe and Asia. However, Tang authority began to fade during the reign of the emperor Xuanzong, who was overthrown by rebels in 755. Muslim forces pushed the Tang out of Fundamental Asia, and what was left of the dynasty fell in 907. The Vocal dynasty succeeded in reuniting China a few decades subsequently in 960, but lost northern Communist china to the Jurchen nomads in 1126. The Song held on to southern China until the Mongol conquest in 1279.

Power Differences

Although historians consider both the Tang and the Vocal to be Chinese dynasties, the two empires did not dominion exactly the aforementioned territory. The Tang capitol was in the western part of the country, and Tang politics and trade were both oriented toward Central Asia. The Tang ruled much of what is now China only as well dominated Mongolia, Manchuria, Tibet and part of Siberia, with influence in Korea, Japan and Southeast Asia. Song power was centered on the southeastern part of the country. The dynasty ruled but part of what is at present China, and it was seen by other nations equally existence culturally influential but not militarily powerful.

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Civil and Armed forces

The traditional Chinese proverb “zhongwen qingwu” means “emphasize the civil, de-emphasize the military.” From the get-go Song emperor Taizu onward, the Song favored the Confucian intellectuals who ran the huge Chinese ceremonious service and gave equally little ability to the military machine as possible. Past following this policy, the Vocal emperors hoped to escape the fate of the Tang rulers such as Xuanzong who had been overthrown by their own generals. This policy contributed to the Song’due south armed forces weakness, which led to the loss of northern China and eventual conquest by the Mongols. Both the Tang and the Vocal were known for poetry, art and other cultural expressions, only the Tang emphasized both the ceremonious and the military while the Vocal clearly favored the civil.

Poetry and Painting

The Tang dynasty was the aureate age of classical Chinese poetry, while the Song was a loftier indicate of Chinese painting. Two of the virtually famous poets in Chinese history, Li Bo and Du Fu, both lived in Tang China. Famous Vocal painters such as Li Tang and Fan Kuan created large mural paintings that focused on mountain ranges and flowing water. Many of the defining techniques of Chinese landscape painting were created or developed past the artists of the Vocal.

Confucianism and Other Beliefs

The Tang empire was habitation to many unlike religions including Buddhism, Islam, Taoism, Nestorian Christianity, Judaism, Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism. The Tang emperors tolerated or encouraged this mix of different belief systems. In contrast, the Song policy to “emphasize the civil” made the Confucian scholars so dominant that any not-Confucian ideas were regarded with distrust. The Chinese form of Buddhism, which had been an agile and growing organized religion under the Tang, became mixed with Confucian and Taoist beliefs in Chinese popular faith.

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Virtually the Writer

Scott Thompson has been writing professionally since 1990, get-go with the “Pequawket Valley News.” He is the writer of nine published books on topics such every bit history, martial arts, poesy and fantasy fiction. His work has also appeared in “Talebones” magazine and the “Strange Pleasures” anthology.

How Did the Song Dynasty Compare to the Tang Dynasty


Originally posted 2022-08-01 10:59:32.

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