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§ 1926.1417 Operation.
The employer must comply with all manufacturer procedures applicable to the operational functions of equipment, including its use with attachments.
Unavailable functioning procedures.
Where the manufacturer procedures are unavailable, the employer must develop and ensure compliance with all procedures necessary for the safe performance of the equipment and attachments.
Procedures for the operational controls must be adult by a qualified person.
Procedures related to the chapters of the equipment must be developed and signed past a registered professional engineer familiar with the equipment.
Accessibility of procedures.
The procedures applicative to the operation of the equipment, including rated capacities (load charts), recommended operating speeds, special hazard warnings, instructions, and operator’s manual, must exist readily available in the cab at all times for utilise by the operator.
Where rated capacities are available in the cab simply in electronic form: In the event of a failure which makes the rated capacities inaccessible, the operator must immediately cease operations or follow safe shut-down procedures until the rated capacities (in electronic or other form) are available.
The operator must not engage in any practice or action that diverts his/her attending while actually engaged in operating the equipment, such equally the utilise of cellular phones (other than when used for signal communications).
Leaving the equipment unattended.
The operator must not leave the controls while the load is suspended, except where all of the post-obit are met:
The operator remains adjacent to the equipment and is not engaged in any other duties.
The load is to be held suspended for a period of fourth dimension exceeding normal lifting operations.
The competent person determines that it is safe to do and then and implements measures necessary to restrain the boom hoist and telescoping, load, swing, and outrigger or stabilizer functions.
Barricades or caution lines, and notices, are erected to prevent all employees from inbound the autumn zone. No employees, including those listed in §§ 1926.1425(b)(1) through (3), § 1926.1425(d) or § 1926.1425(east), are permitted in the fall zone.
The provisions in § 1926.1417(eastward)(1) do not use to working gear (such every bit slings, spreader bars, ladders, and welding machines) where the weight of the working gear is negligible relative to the lifting capacity of the equipment as positioned, and the working gear is suspended over an area other than an entrance or go out.
Tagging out of service equipment/functions.
Where the employer has taken the equipment out of service, a tag must be placed in the cab stating that the equipment is out of service and is not to exist used. Where the employer has taken a function(south) out of service, a tag must be placed in a conspicuous position stating that the function is out of service and is not to be used.
Response to “exercise not operate”/tag-out signs.
If there is a warning (tag-out or maintenance/do non operate) sign on the equipment or starting command, the operator must not activate the switch or start the equipment until the sign has been removed by a person authorized to remove information technology, or until the operator has verified that:
No one is servicing, working on, or otherwise in a dangerous position on the auto.
The equipment has been repaired and is working properly.
If at that place is a warning (tag-out or maintenance/do not operate) sign on any other switch or control, the operator must not actuate that switch or control until the sign has been removed by a person authorized to remove information technology, or until the operator has verified that the requirements in paragraphs (f)(2)(i)(A) and (B) of this section have been met.
Before starting the engine, the operator must verify that all controls are in the proper starting position and that all personnel are in the clear.
When a local storm warning has been issued, the competent person must decide whether it is necessary to implement manufacturer recommendations for securing the equipment.
If equipment adjustments or repairs are necessary:
The operator must, in writing, promptly inform the person designated past the employer to receive such information and, where there are successive shifts, to the next operator; and
The employer must notify all affected employees, at the beginning of each shift, of the necessary adjustments or repairs and all alternative measures.
Safety devices and operational aids must not be used every bit a substitute for the exercise of professional judgment by the operator.
If the competent person determines that there is a slack rope condition requiring re-spooling of the rope, it must be verified (before starting to lift) that the rope is seated on the pulsate and in the sheaves as the slack is removed.
The competent person must suit the equipment and/or operations to address the event of wind, ice, and snow on equipment stability and rated capacity.
Compliance with rated capacity.
The equipment must not be operated in backlog of its rated capacity.
The operator must not be required to operate the equipment in a style that would violate paragraph (o)(1) of this section.
The operator must verify that the load is within the rated capacity of the equipment past at to the lowest degree i of the post-obit methods:
The weight of the load must be determined from a source recognized by the industry (such as the load’south manufacturer), or by a calculation method recognized by the industry (such as computing a steel beam from measured dimensions and a known per human foot weight), or past other equally reliable means. In addition, when requested by the operator, this data must be provided to the operator prior to the elevator; or
The operator must begin hoisting the load to determine, using a load weighing device, load moment indicator, rated chapters indicator, or rated capacity limiter, if it exceeds 75 percent of the maximum rated chapters at the longest radius that will be used during the lift operation. If it does, the operator must non continue with the lift until he/she verifies the weight of the load in accord with paragraph (o)(3)(i) of this section.
The nail or other parts of the equipment must not contact any obstacle.
The equipment must not be used to elevate or pull loads sideways.
On wheel-mounted equipment, no loads must be lifted over the front area, except as permitted by the manufacturer.
The operator must test the brakes each time a load that is 90% or more of the maximum line pull is handled past lifting the load a few inches and applying the brakes. In duty cycle and repetitive lifts where each lift is 90% or more than of the maximum line pull, this requirement applies to the first lift only not to successive lifts.
Neither the load nor the boom must be lowered below the point where less than 2 full wraps of rope remain on their respective drums.
Traveling with a load.
Traveling with a load is prohibited if the practice is prohibited by the manufacturer.
Where traveling with a load, the employer must ensure that:
A competent person supervises the operation, determines if it is necessary to reduce rated capacity, and makes determinations regarding load position, nail location, basis support, travel route, overhead obstructions, and speed of movement necessary to ensure safety.
The determinations of the competent person required in paragraph (u)(ii)(i) of this department are implemented.
For equipment with tires, tire pressure specified by the manufacturer is maintained.
Rotational speed of the equipment must be such that the load does not swing out across the radius at which information technology can be controlled.
A tag or restraint line must exist used if necessary to prevent rotation of the load that would exist hazardous.
The brakes must exist adjusted in accordance with manufacturer procedures to prevent unintended movement.
The operator must obey a terminate (or emergency end) signal, irrespective of who gives information technology.
Swinging locomotive cranes.
A locomotive crane must not be swung into a position where railway cars on an adjacent track could strike information technology, until it is determined that cars are not being moved on the adjacent track and that proper flag protection has been established.
The following applies to equipment other than tower cranes:
Equipment must non exist operated without the counterweight or ballast in place as specified by the manufacturer.
The maximum counterweight or anchor specified by the manufacturer for the equipment must not exist exceeded.
Counterweight/ballast requirements for tower cranes are specified in § 1926.1435(b)(viii).
§ 1926.1418 Authority to stop operation.
Whenever there is a business organisation as to safety, the operator must have the authorisation to terminate and turn down to handle loads until a qualified person has determined that condom has been assured.
The post-obit land regulations pages link to this folio.
Equipment Must Have the Recommended Operating Speeds Rated Load Capacities
Originally posted 2022-08-07 17:04:10.