A Scientific Theory Can Never Be Disproven

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Ethics is the branch of philosophy that deals with morality and how it shapes beliefs. Different branches of the report of ideals look at where our views of morality come from and how they shape our everyday lives. In that location are 4 major ethical theories: deontology (or duty), utilitarianism, rights, and virtue. Each 1 of these theories looks at our ethical behavior in different ways.

Deontology

The theory of deontology states that when we have to make ethical decisions, our first thoughts are on our duties and obligations. According to this theory, what we believe our duties are will drive how we deed in dissimilar situations. For case, nosotros may make a decision based on following the police or based on our loyalty toward friends or family unit members.A

The biggest hole in the theory of deontology is that there’south no standard for what a person’s duties and obligations are. Philosophers who don’t concur with this theory believe that anybody’s duties are different, so in that location’due south no way to know what drives a person to make a particular decision.

U
tilitarianism

According to the theory of utilitarianism, people choose their deportment based on how their decisions will do good the nearly people. You make a determination that will be all-time for everyone involved. At that place are ii sides to this theory. Act utilitarianism says you will make decisions based on helping others, while rule utilitarianism says you volition deed out of fairness.

Those who don’t agree with this theory believe that nobody can predict outcomes, so we can’t know what the benefits of our deportment volition exist. Comparison consequences can exist hard, and so some philosophers say that we can’t truly brand utilitarian decisions.

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R
ights

The rights theory of ethics says that people make decisions based on the rights that their social club agrees to. What the majority of people in that society believes is of import will drive decisions. For case, the rights nosotros Americans have in our Constitution should be factors in our decision-making according to this theory. Our rights, such as freedom of speech and freedom of organized religion, should help us decide how to acquit.

People who don’t agree with this theory believe that a society’southward rights are likewise complicated to figure out. They say it’s also hard to tell what nigh people call back is important to the whole society, so it’s a messy idea to base of operations decisions on. Societies that don’t take written laws like our Constitution brand this theory less believable, according to some philosophers.

V
irtue

The ethical theory of virtue states that we can judge a person’s decisions based on his or her character and morality. The manner someone lives his or her life can explain any ethical decision according to this theory. For example, a person who lies and cheats to get ahead in life probably makes decisions based on advancing his or her own interests co-ordinate to the virtue theory.

The biggest hole in this theory is that people tin change their moral grapheme, and the theory doesn’t take changes in morality into account. The virtue theory puts people in boxes based on their reputations at one point in fourth dimension.

C
onsequential Ethics

These four theories fall into ane of two categories. The first one, consequential ethics, states that outcomes decide ethical decisions. Therefore, the issue of a state of affairs makes that decision OK. For example, it’s ethical for you lot to tell a white lie if it achieves what you need or want it to.

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The theory of utilitarianism falls into this category because the do good of decisions is the biggest gene. The virtue theory tin fit into consequential ethics considering a person’s reputation tin can be based on the consequences of his or her decisions.

N
onconsequential Ideals

Nonconsequential ideals is the other side of the coin to consequential ideals. It says that people base their decisions not on the result just on the values and beliefs that they concord deeply. In nonconsequential ideals, you’ll decide on a situation based on what you believe rather than what may happen. For case, you won’t prevarication in a state of affairs if you believe that honesty is of import.

The theory of deontology falls nether this type of ethics because people make decisions based on their duty to those around them. Likewise, the rights theory belongs in this category because the rights that society holds dear are important over any other factor. Virtue could also fit here because people of high moral character tin decide based on their values.

A Scientific Theory Can Never Be Disproven

Source: https://www.reference.com/world-view/four-major-ethical-theories-fe06344fe488fa54?utm_content=params%3Ao%3D740005%26ad%3DdirN%26qo%3DserpIndex&ueid=a301b970-251e-41ec-a5f0-bc62ac1fc89f

Originally posted 2022-08-04 08:30:50.

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